What is RISP in Baseball?

Baseball organizations and teams commonly use the word RISP as a metric to determine aggregate runs. However, the number of runs is the aggregate of RISP and other stats. If you know little about baseball or have limited knowledge of the acronyms used in the game, this article will serve as your guide. Read on to learn about it in detail.

RISP – Overview

RISP or Runners in Scoring Position refers to a situation where at least 2nd base has a runner at the time of an at-bat. However, there can be runners on the 2nd and 3rd base simultaneously.

With a runner on 2nd base, the chances of scoring at least one run by a single base hit increase greatly. And this elevates the possibility of winning for the team. Hence, lead-based runners can easily score a run when the batter gives a base hit. The RISP statistic is a trusted way of measuring clutch hitting. It helps runners to win games and score runs easily.

When is the RISP statistic used in a Baseball game?

The use of RISP statistics isn’t limited to a single person or purpose. It is more about what the statistic is used for. For example, team officials, managers, and coaches use RISP metric averages for the entire team and the players to determine the performance level of the squad’s offense.

When the team playing on offense struggles to score, the stat-watchers notice that failure to score runs in baseball when there is a chance. It means a batting average with a low RISP and how the batters achieve the hit when the 2nd base has a runner ready to score runs.

Most batters can easily deal with batting pressure, especially when the bases have a good number of runners. Let’s understand this in a simpler way. When a pond is full of ducks and rock is tossed into the middle, all of them are scattered around, and eventually, the pond gets cleared.

Similarly, runners are like ducks in the pond, clearing the baseball bases only on major hits.

Managers and strategic teams intend to know how often their team’s runners get the scoring position. Most importantly, by whom are they getting knocked. This info helps them make the right decisions, such as stealing or bunting runners by removing them from 1st base or playing those hitters with high average RISP batting scores. All of these efforts are driven toward scoring a high number of runs.

The ultimate goal in baseball is scoring high runs compared to another team. And this encouraged baseball experts to create RISP statistics.

What is the ideal scoring position of a baseball player?

When the base runner is on 2nd or 3rd base, they are in a good scoring position. Generally, being on these two bases means a run can be scored if it’s a single hit. In addition, a base runner on the third base can score runs on a wild pitch or a balk.

RISP strategies

Here are some proven RISP strategies that help teams score better runs –

Moving the runners along a scoring position:

It means if a 1st base has a runner, the strategy would be to get them either on 2nd base or 3rd base within 2 outs. In simple words, the team banks on a safe hit to achieve a higher score. Though it’s an effective strategy, it has lost its charm recently. Moneyball or sabermetrics has gained more prominence because it has less base running. Moreover, it is focused more on hitting and -base percentage.

Bunting runners over:

It was counted among the most popular strategies before 1920 during the era of Dead Ball. The unique name of this strategy comes from the ball itself, as it wasn’t lively and didn’t carry far. As a result, the teams started relying less on hitting power or home runs. It was difficult to hit the ball far or hard, so the strategy was scrambled and scrapped for runs.

Before 1920, Major League Baseball teams targeted a single run in a go – it is called “small ball.” And this involves running and Bunting. In general, runners are moved from one base to another.

When Babe Ruth emerged to the batter’s box, new rules were introduced to the game, such as banning spitballs and entering new baseballs (in case there was a foul or when the baseballs got darkened by dirt or grass). Eventually, home runs dominated the game, and the element of running was reduced to a great extent.

In the 1960s, when Maury Wills took away 102 bases, the SB statistic took off. And it led to the building of super-speedsters such as Tim Raines, Rickey Henderson, Lou Brock, and Vince Coleman. But unfortunately, Bunting was stopped in the early 21st Century by the managers of Major League Baseball.

Bunts are not always required to get a runner into an ideal position for scoring. However, at times the teams make their way to the right situation. The 2004 American League Championship Series of Boston Red Sox’s Game 4 is one of the best examples that can be quoted here.

Trailing in the last at-bat by a run, they faced a sweep. Resultantly, they were eliminated by the New York Yankees. However, the classic RISP is what saved them.

The Sox sent Dave Roberts for a slow Miller pinching run. Roberts stole the 2nd base on the first pitch and achieved a scoring position. However, Bill Mueller stole the base on the next pitch, and there was a tie in the game. In the end, Boston won that game, including the next 7 games, which helped him earn a position in the World Series Championship.

Small ball baseball and RISP

Few baseball teams use “small ball” strategies and rely on singles to get the teams on base. Instead, the teams apply different small ball strategies after getting players on base, such as Bunting to the 2nd base or base stealing for getting into the position of scoring. The small ball tends to be ideal for Bunting teams with excellent bat control and speed.

The similarity between RISP and other baseball statistics

RISP is related closely to various other baseball statistics, including, more loosely, slugging percentage, RBI, and on-base percentage, or OBP. Besides, Baseball WAR is also considered a good metric for measuring a player’s efficiency.

In the case of an extra-base hit or a single hit by a batter, a runner is allowed in scoring position to score a run, and the hit is counted as an RBI. As a result, the team earns bases due to that hit. It also helps in elevating the slugging percentage. In addition, it adds to the on-base share.


RISP is an excellent metric for measuring the count of base runners that attained scoring positions in a baseball game. The statistics can be expanded to other metrics such as OPS, RBI, and slugging percentage. Baseball teams are required to score runs to win the game. Therefore, RISP is used by teams for forecasting runs. Most of the top hitters in the game of baseball convert runners in the position of scoring, and for this reason, knowing these statistics becomes even more essential.